This page contains a representative list of major databases and search engines useful in an academic setting for finding and accessing articles in academic journals, repositories, archives, or other collections of scientific and other articles. As the distinction between a database and a search engine is unclear for these. Students and professionals both know that conducting accurate, valid, and timely research into academic topics such as history, literature, or anthropology is critical to success in the classroom and at work. Writing the results into a paper is also a major step in the process. Here are some basic steps in performing secondary research.
Mar 8, 2018. This is a major problem when it comes to using an Internet source for academic research. Your professor may not accept Internet sources; check with your professor in advance. See "Using & Citing Internet Sources" below for manuals that provide guidelines for citing Internet sources in footnotes and. Engaging graphics, compelling examples, and easy-to-understand explanations make Choosing and Using Sources: A Guide to Academic Research, your most valuable, open access resource for completing research-based writing assignments and projects. With this free-of-cost guide, students are better equipped to tackle the challenges of developing research questions, evaluating and choosing the right sources, searching for information, avoiding plagiarism, and much more. Chapters cover developing research questions, understanding types of sources, searching for information, evaluating sources, and avoiding plagiarism. Each chapter includes self-quizzes and activities to reinforce core concepts and help you apply them.
Mar 22, 2017. We highlight 15 excellent student research resources for anyone looking for ways to find credible sources. Populated by the U. S. Department of Education, the Educational Resources Information Center ERIC is a great tool for academic research with more than 1.3 million bibliographic records of articles. When you write in an academic context, you are not writing for yourself. You become a member of an academic community which has particular expectations, including expectations about honesty and rigour in academic research and writing. Using and acknowledging sources is part of the 'currency' of this community; and, as with most communities, if you do not observe the rules and adopt the language of this community, your input and perspectives will be less valued. University assignments provide you with an opportunity to broaden your knowledge within your chosen discipline or subject by extensive reading on particular topics. It is essential to show that your reading has acquainted you with a range of perspectives relevant to the assignment topic.
With at least one of the words. without the words. where my words occur You probably conduct online research on a regular basis, turning to Google or another popular search tool to look up something you’ve just read or heard about. This is informal, but still requires you to sort through a long list of results to figure out what resources best answer your question. Online academic research is performed using similar tools, but in a much more intentional and critical way. No matter what your research question is or where your interests lie, online research can lead to information overload. It’s easy to find resources that include your keywords, but which ones are the most relevant and reliable? Learning how to separate the good from the bad is a critical skill and one that your instructors expect you to have. The quality of your search and the sources you choose to incorporate into your projects is paramount. Google and Wikipedia are great starting points, but not sufficient for academic purposes.
In light of the uncertainty regarding the acceptability of Web sources for academic citation, this paper has three main purposes. First, via a set of case studies, the paper illustrates the types of non-conventional sources students are currently citing in their Web-based research. Second, it assesses the quality of. The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University houses writing resources and instructional material, and we provide these as a free service of the Writing Lab at Purdue. Students, members of the community, and users worldwide will find information to assist with many writing projects. Teachers and trainers may use this material for in-class and out-of-class instruction. For more information about services for the Purdue University community, including one-to-one consultations, ESL conversation groups and workshops, please visit the Writing Lab site. The Purdue University Writing Lab and Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL) assist clients in their development as writers—no matter what their skill level—with on-campus consultations, online participation, and community engagement.
While many of your research projects will require you to read articles published in scholarly journals, books or other peer reviewed source of information, there is also a. Note, special interest publications which are not specifically written for an academic audience are also considered "popular" i.e. National Geographic. When researching a topic for a university assignment, ‘academic’ sources are preferred over other types of writing. They carry more weight and authority, and are likely to be more convincing. Academic sources are Sources such as newspaper articles, magazine articles, opinion pieces, and websites are not commonly academic, although there are some exceptions. Many journal articles and reports can be found online, for example. Academic journals are very different from popular magazines, although they bear several similarities. To identify an academic source, apply the criteria listed above: It can help to consider the purpose of the source. It does not aim to sell something, or present one person's opinion independent of evidence or logic.
Feb 1, 2018. Why Evaluate Sources? Instructors expect students to use scholarly sources using better sources often results in better grades! Information can be out-of-date, inaccurate, and even purposely misleading such as propaganda; Some forms of information, such as websites, allow anyone to contribute content. Both professional researchers and successful student researchers develop research questions. That’s because research questions are more than handy tools; they are essential to the research process. By defining exactly what the researcher is trying to find out, these questions influence most of the rest of the steps taken to conduct the research. That’s true even if the research is not for academic purposes but for other areas of our lives. For instance, if you’re seeking information about a health problem in order to learn whether you have anything to worry about, research questions will make it possible for you to more effectively decide whether to seek medical help–and how quickly.
Feb 13, 2018. Primary sources are original materials on which other research is based, including original written works – poems, diaries, court records, interviews, surveys, and original research/fieldwork, and; research published in scholarly/academic journals. Secondary sources are those that describe or analyze. A scholarly publication is one in which the content is written by experts in a particular field of study - generally for the purpose of sharing original research or analyzing others' findings. Scholarly work will thoroughly cite all source materials used and is usually subject to "peer review" prior to publication. This means that independent experts in the field review, or "referee" the publication to check the accuracy and validity of its claims. The primary audience for this sort of work is fellow experts and students studying the field. As a result the content is typically much more sophisticated and advanced than articles found in general magazines, or professional/trade journals.
Jul 31, 2014. Watch this video created by NUS Libraries to learn about the different types of information sources that you can use for your academic research, i.e.academic. Research comprises "creative and systematic work undertaken to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of humans, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications." It is used to establish or confirm facts, reaffirm the results of previous work, solve new or existing problems, support theorems, or develop new theories. A research project may also be an expansion on past work in the field. Research projects can be used to develop further knowledge on a topic, or in the example of a school research project, they can be used to further a student's research prowess to prepare them for future jobs or reports. To test the validity of instruments, procedures, or experiments, research may replicate elements of prior projects or the project as a whole. The primary purposes of basic research (as opposed to applied research) are documentation, discovery, interpretation, or the research and development (R&D) of methods and systems for the advancement of human knowledge.
Jan 25, 2018. In researching for essays and other academic assignment tasks, you will usually be looking for relevant information in academic sources. This section explains what an academic source is, and how to identify one, as well as the related concept of peer review. Newspaper headlines such as “” are not helpful in maintaining the credibility of the academic community. Authors wishing to submit a piece of work should review the author guidelines and then email submissions to Sources and Information in Academic Research: Avoiding Mistakes in Assessing Sources for Research and during Peer Review by Tom Quiggin The credibility of academic publications has come under attack in a variety of circumstances. Additionally, a cottage industry appears to be growing in websites that specialize in identifying papers which publishers have been forced to retract. The website makes a series of references to Ph D dissertations and professorial habilitations which have been questioned or rescinded due to plagiarism.  One of the Ph Ds in question was written by a German Minister of Education and Research. A responsibility comes with publishing papers in the academic community. The papers can shape the views of the individuals that read them and will – on occasion – be used in official proceedings such as during court room trials or in commissions of inquiry. Academic credibility also comes into play in the public realm when academics give media interviews or appear before governmental committees. Preserving the credibility of research into issues related to terrorism and national security can be especially daunting for academics. In addition to all of the normal problems with source reliability, the various governmental agencies involved often have an obsession with secrecy, making information difficult to confirm.
Aug 18, 2016. Your team is playing in the big game and you're the coach. Maybe the real coach missed the plane. Who knows–it's a nightmare! The stakes are high. You know your players are good athletes—you have access to the best and plenty of them. But you don't really know good strategies of the game, so. Polyphenols are abundant micronutrients in our diet, and evidence for their role in the prevention of degenerative diseases such as cancer and cardiovascular diseases is emerging. The health effects of polyphenols depend on the amount consumed and on their bioavailability. In this article, the nature and contents of the various polyphenols present in food sources and the influence of agricultural practices and industrial processes are reviewed. Estimates of dietary intakes are given for each class of polyphenols. The bioavailability of polyphenols is also reviewed, with particular focus on intestinal absorption and the influence of chemical structure (eg, glycosylation, esterification, and polymerization), food matrix, and excretion back into the intestinal lumen.
Find out what academic sources are and what to look for if you're required to use them for research papers and essays. Complete the lesson, and. As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 70,000 lessons in math, English, science, history, and more. Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you succeed. You learn everything you can about the topic from books and websites that you can trust to give you accurate info. Free 5-day trial Imagine that your teacher wants you to write a paper on a topic you know nothing about. The places that provide information about a topic are called sources. Careful, though, because not all sources are created equal. Some can be mistaken or incorrect and not have had an editor correct the problems.
Jul 12, 2016. Different Kinds of Sources. The understanding that original research is based on first-hand data that is, not on someone else's comments or interpretations of that data, makes it necessary to distinguish between different kinds of sources. In this section, the difference between primary, secondary and. Please note: If you are not an expert researcher, the general discussion below will help you understand some of the questions involved with selecting sources. But what qualifies as evidence or as a reliable source is different in different disciplines, and sometimes among different courses in the same discipline. It’s very important to check with your teachers about appropriate sources for the research you’ve been assigned. Scholarly sources are those that have been approved by a group with recognized expertise in the field under discussion. Books published by University Presses fall into this category, as do articles published in peer-reviewed journals—journals where the editors send pieces out to be read by experts in the field before deciding to publish them.
We wanted to find out what is known from valid, reliable empirical research about students developing abilities to write from sources in academic contexts. Accordingly, we limited our focus to studies of learning, development, and instruction in educational settings rather than attempting to address the many studies that have. Researchers can quickly and easily search full-text documents from over 17,000 credible sources of information and pinpoint relevant information for a wide range of academic research projects. Plus Lexis Nexis Academic comes with the following timesaving tools: Unmatched, authoritative content Download overview literature. universities choose Lexis Nexis Academic for its: Powerful research capabilities with an easy-to-use interface. Easy-to-use filters let users narrow their results sets to relevant documents quickly. No source selection or special commands required, though advanced tools are available. With more than 17,000 business, legal and news sources, Lexis Nexis Academic offers one of the most robust and thorough research tools available to college faculty and students. Get access to: Training and on-demand support for librarians Download overview literature 24/7/365 toll-free telephonic support is available to librarians at subscribing institutions. Plus the Academic training teams conducts onsite and Web-based training. Simply better research—Experience faster, easier searching than ever before. With so many valuable sources available through a single-search box and easy-to-refine results, students faculty, and librarians can spend less time looking for information and more time using it. Supreme Court to the most reputable news sources and vetted Web sources, your users can cite sources with confidence. Lexis Nexis maintains archives for all of its sources.
Jul 2, 2012. Library of Congress In this incredible library, you'll get access to searchable source documents, historical photos, and amazing digital collections. OpenDOAR In the Directory of Open Access Repositories, you can search through freely academic research information with more directly useful resources. Research comprises "creative and systematic work undertaken to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of humans, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications." It is used to establish or confirm facts, reaffirm the results of previous work, solve new or existing problems, support theorems, or develop new theories. A research project may also be an expansion on past work in the field. Research projects can be used to develop further knowledge on a topic, or in the example of a school research project, they can be used to further a student's research prowess to prepare them for future jobs or reports. To test the validity of instruments, procedures, or experiments, research may replicate elements of prior projects or the project as a whole. The primary purposes of basic research (as opposed to applied research) are documentation, discovery, interpretation, or the research and development (R&D) of methods and systems for the advancement of human knowledge. Approaches to research depend on epistemologies, which vary considerably both within and between humanities and sciences. There are several forms of research: scientific, humanities, artistic, economic, social, business, marketing, practitioner research, life, technological, etc. The word research is derived from the Middle French "recherche", which means "to go about seeking", the term itself being derived from the Old French term "recerchier" a compound word from "re-" "cerchier", or "sercher", meaning 'search'.